Title Diagnosis and Subtyping of De Novo and Relapsed Mediastinal Lymphomas by Endobronchial Ultrasound Needle Aspiration
Author(s) Mufaddal T. Moonim, Ronan Breen, Paul A. Fields, and George Santis
Source American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. Vol 188, Issue 10. pp 1216–1223
Abstract RATIONALE: The current management of lymphoma requires accurate diagnosis and subtyping of de novo lymphoma and of relapsed or refractory lymphoma in known cases. The role of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the clinical management of lymphomas is unclear.
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the use of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis of de novo and relapsed mediastinal lymphomas.
METHODS: A total of 2,256 consecutive patients who underwent EBUS-TBNA in a tertiary center between February 2008 and April 2013 were prospectively evaluated. The diagnostic accuracy and clinical use of EBUS-TBNA in 100 cases of de novo or suspected relapsed mediastinal lymphoma was investigated by comparing EBUS-TBNA diagnosis with the final diagnosis.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: De novo mediastinal lymphoma was correctly diagnosed by EBUS-TBNA in 45 (88%) of 51 and relapsed lymphoma in 15 (100%) of 15 lymphoma cases. EBUS-TBNA accurately established a diagnosis other than lymphoma in 32 (97%) of 33 patients with suspected lymphoma relapse. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of EBUS-TBNA in the diagnosis of mediastinal lymphoma were 89%,97%,98%,83%,and91%,respectively.Sensitivity of EBUS-TBNA in subtyping lymphomas into high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma, low-grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma was 90%, 100%, and 79%, respectively. EBUS-TBNA diagnosis was adequate for clinical management in 84 (84%) of 100 cases.
CONCLUSIONS: Multimodality evaluation of EBUS-TBNA can be successful in the diagnosis of de novo mediastinal lymphomas and is ideally suited in distinguishing lymphoma relapse from alternative pathologies; it is least sensitive in subtyping Hodgkin lymphoma.
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Reprinted with permission of the American Thoracic Society. Copyright © 2015 American Thoracic Society.
The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine is an official journal of the American Thoracic Society.