Title Pleuroscopic Pleurodesis Combined with Tunneled Pleural Catheter for Management of Malignant Pleural Effusion
Author(s) Boujaoude Z, Bartter T, Abboud M, Pratter M, Abouzgheib W.
Source J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol. 2015 Jul;22(3):237-43
Abstract BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is associated with poor prognosis and it often impinges upon quality of life; effective and efficient management is desirable. Combining pleuroscopic pleurodesis (PP) with a tunneled pleural catheter (TPC) could minimize hospitalization, effect rapid pleurodesis in most cases, and allow ongoing control of MPE for those not successfully pleurodesed.
METHODS: Consecutive patients with pleural effusion associated with malignancy and with documented lung reexpansion after pleural fluid drainage were prospectively enrolled to undergo PP with TPC placement. TPC was drained daily and was removed when output was <50 mL/d. Patients were followed for up to 6 months. The data collected were compared with historical controls as provided by a previously published study by our group on conventional pleuroscopic pleurodesis (CPP).
RESULTS: Thirty patients were enrolled between January 2012 and August 2013. Twenty-nine completed the protocol. Pleurodesis was successful in 92% of patients at 1 month. Of the patients alive at 6 months, 96% continued to have effective pleurodesis. The median duration of TPC placement was 6 days. The median LOS was 3 days (2 to 7.25). All patients experienced significant improvement in dyspnea scores. The median LOS was significantly lower than those who received CPP (median LOS, 9 d; range, 4 to 13 d; P=0.002). There was no significant difference in mortality rates and pleurodesis success rates.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of PP with TPC can effect pleurodesis at a rate similar to CPP, shortens LOS, shortens time to pleurodesis, and helps to control symptoms when pleurodesis fails.